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戴氏教育_2019秋季新学期全面招生中!

高中英语最常考的60个熟词新义,2019高考生尤其要掌握

2018-07-12 04:39 阅读: 来源:戴氏教育


1.absent ?adj.缺席的→adj.茫然的,恍惚的


She looked at the picture in an absent(茫然的)way.


2.ache ?v.& n.疼痛→v.渴望


Having left for ages,he was aching(渴望)for home.


3.address ?n.地址 ? v.写地址→vt.发表演说


The president will address(发表演说)his speech at 3:00 pm.


4.against ?prep.逆着,反对;倚,靠;碰→prep.以...为背景


The picture looks nice against(以...为背景)the white wall.


5.attend ?v.出席;参加→v.看护;治疗;陪同


The nurse attended(看护)to him day and night.


6.blank ?adj.空白的 n.空白→adj.没表情的;空虚的;没兴趣的


The stranger returned my greeting with a blank(没表情的)look.


7.blue ?adj.& n.蓝色→adj.忧伤的


His songs always make me feel blue(忧伤的).


8.build ?vt.建筑,建造→v.逐渐增强 n.体格,体形,身材


One should receive training to build(逐渐增强)up one's confidence.


You're right,Josh. He may have a small build(身材).


9.cause ?vt.促使,引起→n.原因,起因;事业,目标


Even with a staff of 22 volunteers,Thomas often devotes up to 50 hours a week to his cause(事业).


10.cloudy ?adj.阴的,多云的→adj.不明朗的,不清晰的


Who will take his place still remains cloudy(不明朗的).


11.coach ?n.教练→v.辅导,指导


She coached(指导)me in playing football.


12.count ?n.& v.计算,数→vi.有价值,重要


It is not how much you read but what you read that counts(重要).


13.course ?n.课程;过程→n.一道菜


The courses(菜谱)vary with seasons.


14.cover ?v.覆盖→v.行走(一段路程);足以支付,够付;采访n.书刊封面,封皮


Motor-cars cover(行走一段路程)a hundred miles in little more than an hour.


To cover(足以支付)the cost of hiring a bus, each student will have to pay $10 each time.


15.cross ?v.跨越,横穿n.十字→adj.生气的


Don't be cross(生气的)with him—after all,he is a child.


16.desert ?n.沙漠→v.抛弃,离弃


He deserted(抛弃)his ?wife ?and ?children ?and ?went abroad.


17.deal ?vi.处理,解决→n.交易


Having been cheated in a business deal(交易),he was reduced to nothing.


18.develop ?v.发展;开发;研制→v.冲印


Did you have the films developed(冲印)?


19.drive ?v.驾驶→v.迫使(某人做不好的事)


Hunger drove(迫使)her to steal.


20.express ?v.表达→n.快车


Is there an express(快车)from Nanjing to Shanghai?


21.encourage ?vt.鼓励;激励→v.促进,助长,刺激


Good health encourages(促进)clear thinking.


22.escape ?v.逃跑;逃脱→v.被忘掉;被忽视


The name escapes(被忘掉)me for the moment.


23.explode ?v.爆炸;爆裂→v.勃然大怒;大发雷霆


I'm about to explode(勃然大怒)!He broke his promise again.


24.exploit ?v.开发;开采;剥削→v.利用


You must exploit(利用)every opportunity to learn English.


25.fail ?vi.失败→vi.(健康)衰退,变弱


William found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail(变弱).


26.foreign ?adj.外国的;外交的→adj.不熟悉的


The subject is foreign(不熟悉的)to all of us.


27.freeze ?vi.结冰,(使)冻结→v.惊呆,吓呆


Grandfather froze(吓呆) in fear. Was he going to lose his job?


28.fresh ?adj.新鲜的→adj.无经验的


She is quite fresh(无经验的)to the work.


29.ground ?n.地面→n.理由


He has strong grounds(理由)for more money.


30.govern ?v.管理;控制→vt.影响;支配


The law of supply and demand governs(影响)the prices of goods.


31.help ?vt.帮助→vi.避免,防止,起作用


Try not to cough more than you can help(避免,防止)since it may cause problems to your lungs.


32.hit ?v.击中,打击→n.成功;红极一时的人或事


Tuhao is quite a hit(风行一时的事物)of this year.


33.ill ?adj.生病的→adj./adv.坏的/地


It's no good speaking ill(坏地)of others.


She had brought ill (坏的)luck into her family.


34.interest ?n.兴趣→n.利益;股份


Our family has interests(利益) ?in the business.


35.inspire ?v.激励;鼓舞→v.启发


His best music was inspired(启发) by the memory of his mother.


36.jump ?v.& n.跳→n.& v.大幅度上涨


Last week the price of goods jumped(大幅度上涨).


37.kill ?v.杀死,弄死→v.消磨或打发(时间)


How does the man kill(打发时间)time?


38.last ?adj.最后的→adj.最不可能的


He is the last(最不可能的)man I want to see.


39.match ?n.火柴,旗鼓相当的人→vt.般配,与…匹配


She matched(匹配)the carpet with some very nice curtains in colour.


40.mean ?v.打算;意味着→adj.小气的,吝啬的 means n.方式,方法


He is too mean(吝啬的)to make a donation.


In many places in China, the bicycle is still a popular means(方式)of transportation.


41.measure ?n.措施,方法→v.估量,判定(重要性、价值或影响等)


It's hard to measure(判定) his ability when we haven't seen his work.


42.narrow ?adj.狭窄的→vt.缩小,使变窄


Parents and children should communicate more to narrow (使变窄,缩小) ?the gap between them so that they can understand each other better.


43.nurse ?n.护士,保姆→v.看护,照料(病人或伤者)


For two days he was nursed(照料)by his mother.


44.note ?n.笔记→v.注意,特别指出,提及


I noted(注意到)that her hands were dirty.


45.open ?v.开adj.开着的,打开的→adj.(问题、议事等)未解决的


They left the matter open(未解决的).


46.operate ?vi.机器运转工作;做手术→vi.起作用


The medicine operated(起作用)quickly.


47.position ?n.位置;职位→n.立场;观点


What's your position(观点)on the problem?


48.promise ?v.& n.许诺→v.有……的希望;使……有可能


The dark clouds promise(使……有可能)rain.


49.read ?v.阅读→v.理解;领会


I didn't read(领会)mother's thoughts at that time.


50.say ?vt.说→vt.假定,显示,表明


Say(假定)that war breaks out, what will you do?


51.shoulder ?n.肩膀→v.承担


Young people should learn to shoulder(承担)the blame.


52.solid ?adj.固定的,坚硬的→adj.可靠的,可信赖的


The research lacks solid(可靠的)evidence, and therefore, its conclusions are doubtful.


53.strength ?n.力,力量,体力→n.长处,强项


A basketball coach must know the strengths(长处)and weaknesses of his players.


54.taste ?v.品尝,尝出……味道→n.味道,鉴赏力,爱好


While she was in Paris, she developed a taste(爱好)for fine art.


55.sign ?n.符号,记号→n.迹象,预兆 v.签字,签署


Bearing responsibility for his mistakes is a sign(征兆)of a man's maturity.


Therefore, students should be advised to sign(签字)up as soon as possible.


56.stand ?v.站,站立,直立→v.忍受 n.货摊


The author could not stand(忍受)living in a wooden house.


I found the fish stand(货摊)surrounded in a sea of customers.


57.store ?n.(大型)百货商店→v.& n.贮藏,贮存,保存


Although dams can be built to store(贮存)water for agricultural use in dry areas and dry seasons.


58.treat ?vt.以…态度对待→vt.治疗,医治 v.&n.款待,招待


The doctor is skilled at treating(治疗)heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good reputation.


Let's go out for lunch—my treat(款待).


59.walk ?v.& n.行走;步行→n.行业


This society welcomes people from all walks(行业)of life.


60.wear ?v.穿,戴→v.面带,流露;留(发,须等)


I can still remember he was always wearing(面带)a smile and willing to help.

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